Future Perfect

The future perfect is one of the advanced English tenses with shades of meaning that make it slightly different from the future simple or future perfect continuous.


Read on for tips on how to form the future perfect tense, or

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Future Perfect Affirmative


The future perfect affirmative is formed by using "will have" and the past participle (second form) of the verb.

  • Examples:
    • Before he leaves on his vacation, Tom will have packed his bags and checked his passport.
    • Before summer break, the students will have received their summer homework assignments.

Future Perfect Negative

The future perfect negative is formed by adding "not" after the "will." This is almost always contracted to "won't."

  • Examples:
    • I started cooking too late! The lasagna won't have finished baking before the guests arrive.
    • I doubt the building will be finished this year. The city won't have had time to approve all of the permits yet.

Future Perfect Questions

Future perfect yes/no questions are formed by moving the "will" to the beginning of the sentence.

  • Examples:
    • Will they have finished eating by the time we arrive?
    • Will the movie have started before we get there?

Future perfect wh-questions are very, very rare, but you would form them by putting the wh-word at the beginning of the sentence. The rules for yes/no questions would still apply.

  • Examples:
    • Who will they have chosen to be their flower girls?
    • Where will Joseph have put my reading glasses?